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National Water Day conference was held

National Water Day conference was held

1March2017

National Water Day conference was held

The Second National Water Day gathering held by the National Center for Strategic Studies of Agriculture and Water use of Iran's Chamber of Commerce participated by entrepreneurs and representatives of governmental and non-governmental organizations.

First of all, the president of Iran's Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Gholamhossein Shafei, emphasized on peaceful cooperation between technology, water and environment and stated the fact that water and technology had not worked peacefully together and that is the cause of Iran's water crisis. Then, he stated that with the commenced cooperation of Iran's Chamber of Commerce, the responsible organizations, scientists and scholars and farmers we could be able to prevent the growth of Iran's water crisis. Moreover, he asserted that Iranian Parliament has put a legal obligation on the theme of water and agriculture and Iran's Chamber of Commerce should react and respond appropriately to the water issue and crisis. He also mentioned the importance of water issues since it is directly related to the employment and agricultural activities which aptly affect Iran's economy. He finally said that this meeting is the best place to hear the different comments and present the conclusions to the politicians and decision makers.

The head of the National Center for Strategic Studies of Agriculture and Water use of Iran's Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Mohammad-Hossein Shariatmadar, stated that the water crisis should be solved in the Iran's Five-Year Development Plan and it cannot be delayed anymore.

General Director of Planning and Development of Iran's Water and Wastewater Engineering Company, Mr. Amirhossein Raghimi, asserted that the most important and fundamental infrastructure of every urban and rural development is the completion of sewerage. He then emphasized on the need for wastewater and water reuse projects in the country. He then stated that only 44 percent of urban areas are located in the wastewater network and we still have a long path to go.

Director of planning and integration of staff for the revival of Lake Urmia, Mr. Mohammad-Masoud Tajrishi, stated that improper management and use of water resources and uneven agricultural development has created an unfavorable environment for Lake Urmia. He believes that the main factors affecting the Lake are: too much extrction from the lake's basin renewable water resources, unbalanced development of the agricultural sector, climate change and the continued drought in the lake's basin.

Consulting Representative of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Iran, Mr. Ferdowsi, agreed with Mr. Tajrishi and stated that Iran suffers from long-term climate phenomena and will be warmer and drier over the next 30 years. In this condition, water and the environment and entanglement in these areas has become a priority. He added that FAO has put this on the agenda and will follow it up on its five-year plan. Fortunately, it is based on comprehensive look at water management following water, energy, environment and food security common approach.

Ms. Blanca Jimenez Cisneros, Director of the Division of Water Sciences in UNESCO, referring to World Water Day which will be held over the next few weeks, stated that this special day has been dedicated to the sustainable management of freshwater resources. This year, wastewater as an unconventional resource, will be discussed. She then outlined water scarcity and water quality as one of the six main sections of the Division of Water Sciences in UNESCO and asserted that, this section's main objective is sustainable management of freshwater resources through facilitating the transfer and sharing of knowledge and international experience to help member states overcome the water quality related issues and reach the objectives of sustainable management of freshwater resources. She then explained that urban population consists about 54 percent of the world population in 2014, and it is estimated that it will be increased by 2 percent between 2015 and 2020. In 2015, Iranian urban population consists 73 percent of Iran's population. She believes that excessive demand for water in cities, the economic model of growth, the dramatic increase in the population of cities around the world and the effects of climate change always affect water availability. She added that, as a result of drought, countries around the world are investing on efficient use of water policy mechanisms such as: the wastewater (recycled water) and water reuse, the development of new technologies, changing people's behavior and attitudes. Finally, she mentioned that these strategies related to changes in behavior and lifestyle can be developed by the local communities and the media. The industry is also able to implement water reuse procedures to improve the water efficiency as a part of their social responsibility strategies.